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Joseph Wright of Derby: Art, the Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution

Joseph Wright of Derby: Art, the Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution

 

1734 - 1797 (c.)

Image: Joseph Wright of Derby (1734-1797), Self Portrait in a Black Feathered Hat (c1767-1770). Oil on canvas.

Image from: Derby Museum & Art Gallery.

Text: Olga Baird (nos. 1-4) and Malcolm Dick (no 5)

Summary

Joseph Wright was the most significant artist of the English Midlands during the late eighteenth century. He painted portraits, landscapes and interiors and was probably the most perceptive painter of industrial and scientific subjects of his time. He was a close friend of two members of the Lunar Society, the geologist and engineer, John Whitehurst and the doctor, scientist and poet Erasmus Darwin. He painted their portraits and those of the industrialists Richard Arkwright and Jedediah Strutt. Four oil paintings and one sketch are explored in this exhibition.

See also two related exhibitions on the Revolutionary Players website:

Joseph Wright of Derby and his Visit to Italy 1773 – 1775
Both Sides of the Moon: Erasmus Darwin, Joseph Priestley and the West Midlands’ Enlightenment

Sections: [click on the images on the right to access each section]

1. A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery (1764-1766)
2. An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump (Exhibited 1768)
3. The Alchymist in Search of the Philosopher’s Stone (Exhibited 1771)
4. The Blacksmith’s Shop (1771)
5. Interior of a Glass House no. 1, (c.1770-1772)

Sources and Further Reading

The largest collection of Joseph Wright’s paintings is located in Derby Museum & Art Gallery.

Daniels, Stephen, Joseph Wright (London, Tate Gallery, 1999).
Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Joseph Wright of Derby Information Pack
Fraser, David, Joseph Wright of Derby (Derby Museum and Art Gallery, 1979).
Fraser, David, “Joseph Wright of Derby and the Lunar Society”, in Egerton, Judy, Wright of Derby (London, 1990).
Klingender F D, Art and the Industrial Revolution (1972).
“Light and Enlightenment in J.Wright of Derby’s ‘The Alchymist”.
www.geocities.com/jvertesi/wright
Nicholson, Benedict, Joseph Wright of Derby: Painter of Light, vols I and II, (1968).
Richie, Stefka, “In Awe of Nature: Samuel Johnson and Joseph Wright of Derby”, in BMInsight, Issue 5, 2003, P.45-56.
Shea, William R (ed), “Science and the Visual Image in the Enlightenment”, European Studies in Science History and the Arts, IV. 2000.
Uglow, J, The Lunar Men (2002.
Wallis, Jane, Joseph Wright of Derby, 1734-1797 (Derby,1997).


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Related Themes:
1765-1775
1776-1783
1784-1791
1792-1802
Derby
Geology
Paintings
Rural
Wright, Joseph 1734-1797

Image Credits:

Donor Ref: ' (81/5230)'
Copyright information: Copyrights to all resources are retained by the individual rights holders. They have kindly made their collections available for non-commercial private study & educational use. Re-distribution of resources in any form is only permitted subject to strict adherence to the guidelines in the Full Terms and Conditions statement.
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A Philosopher lecturing on the Orrery (1766)

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1. A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery (1764-1766)

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An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump

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2. An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump (Exhibited 1768)

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The Alchymist in search of the Philosopher's Stone (exhibited 1775, reworked 1795)

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3. The Alchymist in Search of the Philosopher’s Stone (Exhibited 1771)

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The Black Smith's Shop

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4. The Blacksmith’s Shop (1771)

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