moon NewsProject infoContactLinksQuicksearch Players
Time People Place Theme Articles Learning Gallery Library Album Players
crumb trail Home : Exhibition
Print page
resource display striped logo

Charles Bage, the Flax Industry and Shrewsbury’s Iron-Framed Mills

Charles Bage, the Flax Industry and Shrewsbury’s Iron-Framed Mills


1750 - 2003 (c.)

Image: View of Ditherington Mill in April 2003, the world’s first completely iron-framed building. The factory was built in 1796-1797 to spin flax. It continued to manufacture the product until 1886. After 1897, the buildings were adapted as a maltings by William Jones & Sons. With a brief interruption during World War II, they continued to serve as a maltings until 1987. The building has been empty ever since.

Image from: photograph by Nabi Heydari (April 2003)

Text: Malcolm Dick


Between 1796 and 1797, the world’s first completely iron-framed building, Ditherington Flax Mill, was built for a partnership, Marshall, Benyon and Bage. Their aim was to create a factory to spin flax which could then be woven into linen. Historically, the purpose of the building was less important than its design by its architect, Charles Bage (1751-1822). Bage created the ancestor of all iron-framed and steel-framed structures, including modern skyscrapers. The building remains largely intact and is currently (2004) unused. It lies within a complex of several former industrial buildings on the outskirts of Shrewsbury town centre.

This article by Malcolm Dick explores the history of Ditherington Mill and places the factory within the context of local industrial developments. It also examines the partnerships in which Bage was involved and looks at his involvement in two other industrial sites in Shrewsbury at Castlefields and Kingsland.

The author has been helped by published research by Barrie Trinder into the industrial archaeology of the mill and archival material at Shropshire Archives. Illustrations are drawn from Shropshire Archives, Birmingham City Archives and contemporary photographs by Nabi Heydari, which were taken in April 2003.

Sources and Further Reading

Most of the information about Ditherington Mill can be obtained from Shropshire Archives. A particularly useful primary source is a collection of letters from Charles Bage to William Strutt. Additional material is held at Birmingham City Archives and Leeds University Library. A web search will reveal a limited amount of information.

Rimmer, W G, Marshall’s of Leeds, flax-spinners 1788-1866 (1960).
Tann, Jennifer, The Development of the Factory (London, Cornmarket Press, 1970).
Trinder, Barrie, “Ditherington Flax Mill, Shrewsbury – A Re-evaluation”, Textile History, 23 (2), 1992, pp 189-223.

Sections: [click on the images on the right to access each section]

1. Shrewsbury’s Industrial Context
2. The Location of Ditherington Mill
3. Charles Bage
4. Charles Bage and Iron Construction
5. Charles Bage: Business and Local Affairs
6. Thomas and Benjamin Benyon
7. John Marshall
8. Growing and Preparing Flax
9. Processing and Spinning Flax
10. Ditherington Flax Mill
11. Ditherington Mill: Steam Power (1)
12. Ditherington Mill: Steam Power (2)
13. Castlefields Mill: Origins
14. Castlefields Mill: Steam Power
15. Castlefields Mill: the Flax Warehouse
16. Castlefields Mill: Gas Lighting (1)
17. Castlefields Mill: Gas Lighting (2)
18. Castlefields Mill: Sale and Demolition
19. Kingsland Mill

add to album zoomify image

File Download:
Unknown File Type Charles Bage and the Flax Industry [Text only version] (88 kb)
Unknown File Type Charles Bage and the Flax Industry (33 kb)

Related Themes:
1830 and after
Bage, Charles 1752-1822
Textile Industry

Image Credits:

Donor Ref: ' (102/4923)'
Copyright information: Copyrights to all resources are retained by the individual rights holders. They have kindly made their collections available for non-commercial private study & educational use. Re-distribution of resources in any form is only permitted subject to strict adherence to the guidelines in the Full Terms and Conditions statement.
Page 1 of 5 | next >

Photograph of Ditherington


1. Shrewsbury’s Industrial Context

See/Read more

View of South Side and Shropshire Union Canal


2. The Location of Ditherington Mill

See/Read more

Bill for the supply of liquor from Charles Bage to Lord Clive 1792.


3. Charles Bage

See/Read more

Ditherington - Main Building Ground Floor


4. Charles Bage and Iron Construction

See/Read more
Page 1 of 5 | next >
blue line